When it comes to the science behind CBD — there’s a lot to unpack. In one of our previous blog posts, we talked about the endocannabinoid system (ECS) and how different cannabinoid groups can impact your body. There are, however, even more, significant factors that impact how our bodies react to cannabinoids like CBD.
We’ll get into that major piece of foreshadowing in just a second. As CBD research becomes more sophisticated, people are looking beyond impact in general terms. They want precision. People want to know exactly how much CBD they need to take to achieve maximum effectiveness for them. Perhaps more importantly, they want to know the “best way” to take CBD.
This is where bioavailability comes into play. Understanding how this process functions can give us a better idea of how CBD affects us. If science wasn’t your strongest subject in school, don’t worry. We’re here to break down bioavailability and its relationship with CBD.
What Is Bioavailability?
While it might sound like a cool new Playstation game, bioavailability is all about absorption. Stay with us. It mainly refers to the proportion of any compound or substance that enters the bloodstream. In layman’s terms, how much and what rate something gets absorbed into your blood.
Let’s use a flu shot as an example. Since it goes straight into your veins, hence your bloodstream, its bioavailability rate would be 100%. There’s no delay. The vaccine enters your bloodstream immediately and begins working. The same goes for other medications that are administered intravenously.
But every substance doesn’t work that way. Some people take their medications orally, which takes far longer than the intravenous method. This is because the drug has a longer distance to travel to get into your bloodstream. It isn’t an immediate effect. It also depends on other factors, such as how the substance interacts with your digestive system.
How Does Bioavailability Impact CBD?
Now that we have a good understanding of how bioavailability works, it’s time to look at its relationship with CBD. The basic principle behind CBD bioavailability is all about how you consume it and how much you consume. You can use vessels such as oils, strips, capsules, and topicals, and each will have a different bioavailability rate.
To give you a better idea of the different CBD bioavailability rates, we’ve done the legwork for you. The intranasal bioavailability (inhalation) rate of CBD is between 34-46%. One study even had it clock in at 56%. The sublingual bioavailability (oil drops under the tongue) rate is between 13-35%. The oral bioavailability rate (capsule ingestions) of CBD is between 10-20%.
The topical bioavailability rate of CBD hasn’t been confirmed yet, although it’s expected to be quite low. This is because it would take longer for a topical cream to be absorbed by your bloodstream — certainly longer than any of the previous methods we outlined. With that said, it may be a good option for those specifically looking to consume CBD with a lower bioavailability rate.
Whatever level of CBD bioavailability you need — we’ve got options. Visit our online shop to check our great selection of 100% organic CBD products, including oils, strips, capsules, and topicals.