Cannabinoids naturally occur in the cannabis plant. There are least 113 different known cannabinoids.
They are chemical compounds that, when consumed, affect the human body. The compounds naturally interact with the human endocannabinoid system. This helps with the regulation process for physical and mental sensations. Below is a list of the known major Cannabinoids.
Delta-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the psychoactive chemical compound in cannabis. It is what gets people “high”. It is more than just a psychoactive ingredient though. It also offers therapeutic uses, such as pain relief, relaxation, sleep aid, increased appetite, mild anti-depressant effects, and more.
Cannabidiol (CBD) is the most common compound in cannabis. It is non-intoxicating, which means it isn’t psychoactive and won’t get you “high” (2). Researchers found that CBD can be useful in treating a variety of conditions. These include pain, migraines, PSDT, ADD and ADHD, anxiety and more. It can also work to counteract the psychoactive elements of THC (1).
Tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA) is the compound that becomes THC. It is the cannabinoid that derives THC through decarboxylation. THCA may possess the therapeutic benefits of THC without psychoactive effects.
Tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV) is similar to THC in minute amounts. It is not psychoactive, but like THC is can act as a suppressant.
Cannabidolic acid (CBDA) is related to CBD. It becomes CBD through decarboxylation. Researchers study CBDA for its anti-proliferative effects.
Cannabidivarin (CBDV) is very similar to CBD. Indica strains have higher levels of CBDV. Researchers study CBDV for its anti-convulsant effects which may help people living with epilepsy.
Cannabigerol (CBG) is not psychoactive but researchers are interested in its ability to relieve pain and inflammation. It may also have mild antibiotic properties.
Cannabinol (CBN) is a product of THC oxidization. CBN has mildly psychoactive effects that are released when THC oxidizes. It may contribute to grogginess after consumption. It may also have analgesic properties.
Cannabichromene (CBC) may have some anti-depressant effects. It is rare and usually only present in strains in very minute amounts.